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Int J Biol Macromol. 2012 Jun 1;50(5):1207-11. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2012.03.005. Epub 2012 Mar 19.

Isolation and structural characterization of a neutral polysaccharide from the stems of Dendrobium densiflorum.

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School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, People's Republic of China.


A novel neutral heteropolysaccharide (DDP-1-D) was purified from hot water extracts of dried stem of Dendrobium densiflorum by DEAE-52 and Sephacryl S-200 High-Resolution Chromatography. The heteropolysaccharide had an average molecular weight about 9440 Da. It was composed mainly of glucose and mannose in the ratio of 3.01:1. Structural features of DDP-1-D were elucidated by a combination of chemical and instrumental techniques, including FT-IR, GC-MS, periodate oxidation-Smith degradation, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopies (including COSY, TOCSY, HSQC, and HMBC spectra). The results indicated that DDP-1-D is a mannoglucan and has a backbone consisting of (1→4)-linked α-D-Glcp, (1→6)-linked α-D-Glcp, (1→2)-linked α-D-Manp and (1→4)-linked β-Manp. This is the first study to provide clear evidence for the structure of the polysaccharide in D. densiflorum.

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