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J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2012 May;18(3):394-401. doi: 10.1017/S1355617712000264. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

Brain evolution and human neuropsychology: the inferential brain hypothesis.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Division of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA. t.koscik@utoronto.ca

Abstract

Collaboration between human neuropsychology and comparative neuroscience has generated invaluable contributions to our understanding of human brain evolution and function. Further cross-talk between these disciplines has the potential to continue to revolutionize these fields. Modern neuroimaging methods could be applied in a comparative context, yielding exciting new data with the potential of providing insight into brain evolution. Conversely, incorporating an evolutionary base into the theoretical perspectives from which we approach human neuropsychology could lead to novel hypotheses and testable predictions. In the spirit of these objectives, we present here a new theoretical proposal, the Inferential Brain Hypothesis, whereby the human brain is thought to be characterized by a shift from perceptual processing to inferential computation, particularly within the social realm. This shift is believed to be a driving force for the evolution of the large human cortex. (JINS, 2012, 18, 394-401).

PMID:
22459075
PMCID:
PMC3619048
DOI:
10.1017/S1355617712000264
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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