Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Transplant. 2012 Jul;12(7):1765-75. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2012.04031.x. Epub 2012 Mar 28.

Alternative immunomodulatory strategies for xenotransplantation: CD40/154 pathway-sparing regimens promote xenograft survival.

Author information

  • 1Emory Transplant Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.


Immunosuppressive therapies that block the CD40/CD154 costimulatory pathway have proven to be uniquely effective in preclinical xenotransplant models. Given the challenges facing clinical translation of CD40/CD154 pathway blockade, we examined the efficacy and tolerability of CD40/CD154 pathway-sparing immunomodulatory strategies in a pig-to-nonhuman primate islet xenotransplant model. Rhesus macaques were rendered diabetic with streptozocin and given an intraportal infusion of ≈ 50 000 islet equivalents/kg wild-type neonatal porcine islets. Base immunosuppression for all recipients included maintenance therapy with belatacept and mycophenolate mofetil plus induction with basiliximab and LFA-1 blockade. Cohort 1 recipients (n = 3) were treated with the base regimen alone; cohort 2 recipients (n = 5) were additionally treated with tacrolimus induction and cohort 3 recipients (n = 5) were treated with alefacept in place of basiliximab, and more intense LFA-1 blockade. Three of five recipients in both cohorts 2 and 3 achieved sustained insulin-independent normoglycemia (median rejection-free survivals 60 and 111 days, respectively), compared to zero of three recipients in cohort 1. These data show that CD40/CD154 pathway-sparing regimens can promote xenoislet survival. Further optimization of these strategies is warranted to aid the clinical translation of islet xenotransplantation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center