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J Anat. 2012 Jun;220(6):591-602. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2012.01497.x. Epub 2012 Mar 28.

The generation of vertebral segmental patterning in the chick embryo.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Abstract

We have carried out a series of experimental manipulations in the chick embryo to assess whether the notochord, neural tube and spinal nerves influence segmental patterning of the vertebral column. Using Pax1 expression in the somite-derived sclerotomes as a marker for segmentation of the developing intervertebral disc, our results exclude such an influence. In contrast to certain teleost species, where the notochord has been shown to generate segmentation of the vertebral bodies (chordacentra), these experiments indicate that segmental patterning of the avian vertebral column arises autonomously in the somite mesoderm. We suggest that in amniotes, the subdivision of each sclerotome into non-miscible anterior and posterior halves plays a critical role in establishing vertebral segmentation, and in maintaining left/right alignment of the developing vertebral elements at the body midline.

PMID:
22458512
PMCID:
PMC3390512
DOI:
10.1111/j.1469-7580.2012.01497.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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