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Chem Res Toxicol. 2012 Jun 18;25(6):1161-75. doi: 10.1021/tx300064m. Epub 2012 Apr 22.

Bone as target organ for metals: the case of f-elements.

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1
CEA, IBEB, LEPC, BP 17171, F-30207 Bagnols-sur-C├Ęze, France. claude.vidaud@cea.fr

Abstract

The skeleton is a target organ for most metals. This leads to their bioaccumulation, either as storage of useful oligoelements or as a protection against damage by toxic elements. The different events leading to their accumulation in this organ, under constant remodeling, are not fully understood, nor the full subsequent impact on bone metabolism. This lack of knowledge is particularly true for lanthanides and actinides, whose use has been increasing over recent decades. These metals, known as f-elements, present chemical similarities and differences. After a comparison of the biologically relevant physicochemical properties of lanthanides and actinides, and a brief reminder of the main events of bone metabolism, this review considers the results published over the past decade regarding the interaction between bones and f-elements. Emphasis will be given to the molecular events, which constitute the basis of the most recent toxicological studies in this domain but still need further investigation. Ionic exchanges with the inorganic matrix, interactions with bone proteins, and cellular mechanism disturbances are mainly considered in this review.

PMID:
22458510
DOI:
10.1021/tx300064m
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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