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Chest. 1990 Dec;98(6):1370-3.

Serum lidocaine concentrations in children during bronchoscopy with topical anesthesia.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Hadassah University Hospital, Mt. Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel.

Abstract

To evaluate the safety of topical lidocaine anesthesia in children undergoing bronchoscopy, we determined SLC in 15 children aged 3 months to 9.5 years during flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy. A total lidocaine dose of 3.2 to 8.5 (mean +/- SEM = 5.7 +/- 0.5) mg/kg was administered to nose, larynx and bronchial tree over 9 to 45 (mean +/- SEM = 20 +/- 2.7) minutes. No complication occurred during the procedure. Peak SLC were 1-3.5 (mean +/- SEM = 2.5 +/- 0.2) micrograms/ml. The Vd beta was 1.79 +/- 0.19 L/kg, the t1/2 beta was 109 +/- 12 minutes, and the total body clearance 12.2 +/- 1.1 ml/min/kg. Peak SLC correlated well with the dose expressed as mg/kg (r = 0.59, p less than 0.025), and even better when related to body surface area (r = 0.63, p less than 0.01). Lidocaine doses up to 8.5 mg/kg proved safe and resulted in therapeutic SLC in our patients. Lidocaine dose up to 7 mg/kg appears to be safe provided that it does not exceed an upper limit of 175 mg/m2 and is gradually administered over a minimum of 15 minutes. Doses of 7-8.5 mg/kg appear to be safe when administered over longer periods.

PMID:
2245677
DOI:
10.1378/chest.98.6.1370
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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