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Chest. 1990 Dec;98(6):1327-30.

Fiberoptic bronchoscopy without premedication. A retrospective study.

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Pulmonary Section, Portland VA Medical Center, Oregon 97207.


The objective of this study was to determine if flexible FOB could be performed safely without premedication other than topical anesthesia. A total of 281 procedures performed during a 12-month period at a VA medical center were reviewed. Ninety-one procedures performed without premedication were compared with 190 procedures performed with premedication. Complications occurred in 5 percent of patients in each group. Statistical analysis revealed no significant differences in age, spirometry, P(A-a)O2 or SaO2 between both groups. Despite the proven safety of outpatient FOB without sedation, many bronchoscopists administer complicated premedication regimens and employ ambulatory surgery beds or recovery rooms to monitor patients before and after procedures. These results support a simplified approach to routine FOB which would include no premedications and greater use of outpatient facilities resulting in decreased expenditures without compromising patient care, safety or comfort.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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