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Methods Mol Biol. 2012;867:307-23. doi: 10.1007/978-1-61779-767-5_20.

Antisense-mediated exon inclusion.

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1
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA.

Abstract

Exon skipping induced by gene mutations is a common mechanism responsible for many genetic diseases. A practical approach to correct the aberrant splicing of defective genes is to use antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs). The recognition of splice sites and the regulation of splicing involve multiple positive or negative cis-acting elements and trans-acting factors. Base-pairing of ASOs to a negative element in a targeted pre-mRNA blocks the binding of splicing repressors to this cis-element and/or disrupts an unfavorable secondary structure; as a result, the ASO restores exon inclusion. For example, we have recently shown that appropriate 2'-O-(2-methoxyethyl) (MOE) phosphorothioate-modified ASOs can efficiently correct survival motor neuron 2 (SMN2) exon 7 splicing in a cell-free splicing assay, in cultured human cells-including patient fibroblasts-and in both peripheral tissues and the CNS of SMA mouse models. These ASOs are promising drug leads for SMA therapy.

PMID:
22454070
PMCID:
PMC3390937
DOI:
10.1007/978-1-61779-767-5_20
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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