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Nano Lett. 2012 Apr 11;12(4):2095-100. doi: 10.1021/nl300356e. Epub 2012 Apr 2.

Quantum rod-sensitized solar cell: nanocrystal shape effect on the photovoltaic properties.

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1
Institute of Chemistry and the Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904, Israel.

Abstract

The effect of the shape of nanocrystal sensitizers in photoelectrochemical cells is reported. CdSe quantum rods of different dimensions were effectively deposited rapidly by electrophoresis onto mesoporous TiO(2) electrodes and compared with quantum dots. Photovoltaic efficiency values of up to 2.7% were measured for the QRSSC, notably high values for TiO(2) solar cells with ex situ synthesized nanoparticle sensitizers. The quantum rod-based solar cells exhibit a red shift of the electron injection onset and charge recombination is significantly suppressed compared to dot sensitizers. The improved photoelectrochemical characteristics of the quantum rods over the dots as sensitizers is assigned to the elongated shape, allowing the build-up of a dipole moment along the rod that leads to a downward shift of the TiO(2) energy bands relative to the quantum rods, leading to improved charge injection.

PMID:
22452287
DOI:
10.1021/nl300356e
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