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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 May 1;109(18):E1082-91. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1115098109. Epub 2012 Mar 26.

Tpl2 ablation promotes intestinal inflammation and tumorigenesis in Apcmin mice by inhibiting IL-10 secretion and regulatory T-cell generation.

Author information

1
Molecular Oncology Research Institute, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA.

Abstract

To address the role of Tpl2, a MAP3K8 that regulates innate/adaptive immunity and inflammation, in intestinal tumorigenesis, we crossed a Tpl2 KO allele into the Apc(min/+) genetic background. Here, we show that Apc(min/+)/Tpl2(-/-) mice exhibit a fivefold increase in the number of intestinal adenomas. Bone marrow transplantation experiments revealed that the enhancement of polyposis was partially hematopoietic cell-driven. Consistent with this observation, Tpl2 ablation promoted intestinal inflammation. IL-10 levels and regulatory T-cell numbers were lower in the intestines of Tpl2(-/-) mice, independent of Apc and polyp status, suggesting that they were responsible for the initiation of the enhancement of tumorigenesis caused by the ablation of Tpl2. The low IL-10 levels correlated with defects in mTOR activation and Stat3 phosphorylation in Toll-like receptor-stimulated macrophages and with a defect in inducible regulatory T-cell generation and function. Both polyp numbers and inflammation increased progressively with time. The rate of increase of both, however, was more rapid in Apc(min/+)/Tpl2(-/-) mice, suggesting that the positive feedback initiated by inflammatory signals originating in developing polyps is more robust in these mice. This may be because these mice have a higher intestinal polyp burden as a result of the enhancement of tumor initiation.

PMID:
22451924
PMCID:
PMC3344997
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1115098109
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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