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Curr Top Dev Biol. 2012;100:143-69. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-387786-4.00005-1.

Regulation of GATA4 transcriptional activity in cardiovascular development and disease.

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Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.


Transcription factors regulate formation and function of the heart, and perturbation of transcription factor expression and regulation disrupts normal heart structure and function. Multiple mechanisms regulate the level and locus-specific activity of transcription factors, including transcription, translation, subcellular localization, posttranslational modifications, and context-dependent interactions with other transcription factors, chromatin remodeling enzymes, and epigenetic regulators. The zinc finger transcription factor GATA4 is among the best-studied cardiac transcriptional factors. This review focuses on molecular mechanisms that regulate GATA4 transcriptional activity in the cardiovascular system, providing a framework to investigate and understand the molecular regulation of cardiac gene transcription by other transcription factors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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