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Theriogenology. 2012 Jul 1;78(1):86-101. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2012.01.024. Epub 2012 Mar 23.

The effects of resveratrol on porcine oocyte in vitro maturation and subsequent embryonic development after parthenogenetic activation and in vitro fertilization.

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1
Laboratory of Veterinary Embryology and Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Chungbuk, South Korea.

Abstract

We investigated the effects of resveratrol, a phytoalexin with various pharmacologic activities, on in vitro maturation (IVM) of porcine oocytes. We investigated intracellular glutathione (GSH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, as well as gene expression in mature oocytes, cumulus cells, and in vitro fertilization (IVF)-derived blastocysts, and subsequent embryonic development after parthenogenetic activation (PA) and IVF. After 44 h of IVM, no significant difference was observed in maturation of the 0.1, 0.5, and 2.0 μM resveratrol groups (83.0%, 84.1%, and 88.3%, respectively) compared with the control (84.1%), but the 10.0 μM resveratrol group showed significantly decreased nuclear maturation (75.0%) (P < 0.05). The 0.5- and 2.0-μm groups showed a significant (P < 0.05) increase in intracellular GSH levels compared with the control and 10.0 μM group. Intracellular ROS levels in oocytes matured with 2.0 μM resveratrol decreased significantly (P < 0.05) compared with those in the other groups. Oocytes treated with 2.0 μM resveratrol during IVM had significantly higher blastocyst formation rates and total cell numbers after PA (62.1% and 49.1 vs. 48.8%, and 41.4, respectively) and IVF (20.5% and 54.0 vs. 11.0% and 43.4, respectively) than the control group. Cumulus-oocytes complex treated with 2.0 μM resveratrol showed lower expression of apoptosis-related genes compared with mature oocytes and cumulus cells. Cumulus cells treated with 2.0 μM resveratrol showed higher (P < 0.05) expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen than the control group. IVF-derived blastocysts derived from 2.0 μM resveratrol-treated oocytes also had less (P < 0.05) Bak expression than control IVF-derived blastocysts. In conclusion, 2.0 μM resveratrol supplementation during IVM improved the developmental potential of PA and IVF porcine embryos by increasing the intracellular GSH level, decreasing ROS level, and regulating gene expression during oocyte maturation.

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