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J Gynecol Endosc Surg. 2011 Jan;2(1):36-42. doi: 10.4103/0974-1216.85280.

Fibroids, infertility and laparoscopic myomectomy.

Author information

1
Department of Obgyn, Medical College and S.S.G. Hospital, Baroda, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the literature and summarize the available evidence about the relationship of fibroids with infertility and to review the role of laparoscopic myomectomy in infertility.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Medline, PubMed, and Cochrane Databases were searched for articles published between 1980 and 2010.

RESULTS:

Fertility outcomes are decreased in women with submucosal fibroids, and myomectomy is of value. Subserosal fibroids do not affect fertility outcomes, and removal may not confer benefit. Intramural fibroids appear to decrease fertility, but the results of therapy are unclear. Although pregnancy rates for women with leiomyomata, managed endoscopically, are similar to those after laparotomy, there is a risk of uterine rupture. The risk is essentially unknown. Finally, the risk of recurrence seems higher after laparoscopic myomectomy compared to laparotomy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Laparoscopic myomectomy, when performed by an experienced surgeon, can be considered a safe technique, with an extremely low failure rate and good results in terms of the outcome of pregnancy.

KEYWORDS:

Fibroid; laparoscopic myomectomy; lnfertility

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