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J Gynecol Endosc Surg. 2009 Jan;1(1):21-6. doi: 10.4103/0974-1216.51905.

Detorsion and conservative therapy for twisted adnexa: our experience.

Author information

1
Ruby Hall IVF and Endoscopy Center, Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

1) To determine if detorsion of the twisted adnexa is better than traditional adnexectomy to conserve the adnexa and preserve its function. 2) To determine the feasibility of detorsion in conservation of adnexa.

DESIGN:

Prospective Study from September 2004 to September 2008.

SETTING:

Private IVF and Endoscopy Centre.

PATIENTS:

22 patients with twisted adnexa (15 non-pregnant and 7 pregnant).

INTERVENTION:

Surgical intervention and either detorsion of adnexa or adnexectomy.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Ovarian preservation and conservation of ovarian function in 77.2% cases determined by: a) Follicular development on sonography (performed for one year after adnexectomy). b) Subsequent surgery for unrelated cause showing healthy ovaries. c) controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and successful oocyte retrieval subsequently.

RESULTS:

We could conserve the adenexa in 77.2% cases. Laparoscopic detorsion was performed in 11/15(73.33 %) of non-pregnant women and adnexectomy done in four women 26.66%. Among the seven pregnant women, adnexa could be preserved in 6/7(85.7%) and only one woman required adnexectomy. Laparotomy was required in 2/22(9%) women both of which were in late second trimester of pregnancy. In one case (4.54%) we had recurrence of torsion. 88.23% of the women with conserved adnexa showed preservation of ovarian function.

CONCLUSION:

Our study showed that timely diagnosis and intervention could make the difference between ovarian loss and salvage- an outcome of great importance in population of reproductive age females. Laparoscopy with its many benefits proves to be superior to laparotomy.

KEYWORDS:

Twisted adnexa; conservation; detorsion; torsion; untwisting

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