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Am J Cardiol. 2012 Jun 1;109(11):1582-8. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.01.382. Epub 2012 Mar 20.

Are the results of a regional ST-elevation myocardial infarction system reproducible?

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Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.


Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred reperfusion method in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) if it can be performed in a timely manner in high-volume centers. Regional STEMI networks improve timely access to PCI but are frequently criticized for being single center. To determine if results of regional STEMI systems could be replicated and achieve similar outcomes in 2 separate geographic regions, we examined the prospective databases of 2 large regional STEMI networks that use identical standardized protocols and integrated transfer systems. The Minneapolis Heart Institute (MHI) database included 2,266 patients with STEMI from 31 hospitals (498 at the PCI hospital, 1,033 transferred from 11 hospitals <60 miles away, and 735 transferred from 19 hospitals 60 to 210 miles away). The Iowa Heart Center (IHC) database included 1,206 patients with STEMI from 24 hospitals (710 at the PCI hospital, 266 transferred from 10 hospitals <60 miles away, and 230 transferred from 13 hospitals 60 to 120 miles away). Median total door-to-balloon times for the PCI hospital, zone 1, and zone 2 patients were 64, 95, and 123 minutes for the MHI and 59, 102, and 136 for the IHC (p <0.05 for each comparison between MHI and IHC). Overall in-hospital, 30-day, and 1-year mortalities was 4.8%, 5.4%, and 8.0% respectively (p = NS for each comparison between MHI and IHC). In conclusion, the use of identical protocols in 2 large regional STEMI systems in geographically separate locations produced nearly identical outcomes, adding to evidence that regional STEMI centers expand timely access to PCI.

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