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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2012 Aug;97(2):251-7. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2012.02.019. Epub 2012 Mar 21.

Clinical implication of urinary tubular markers in the early stage of nephropathy with type 2 diabetic patients.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Republic of Korea.



The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of urinary tubular markers, interleukin-18 (IL-18) and angiotensinogen with albuminuria in early nephropathy of type 2 diabetics.


Urine levels of tubular markers (kidney injury molecule [KIM]-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin [NGAL] and liver-type fatty acid-binding protein [L-FABP]), proinflammatory marker (IL-18), and a marker of intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) status (angiotensinogen) were determined in 118 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 25 non-diabetic controls with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2).


Urinary levels of KIM-1, NGAL, IL-18 and angiotensinogen were significantly higher in macroalbuminuria group compared with control and normo- and microalbuminuria groups but not significantly different between control and normoalbuminuria group. Urinary tubular markers were positively correlated with urinary IL-18 and angiotensinogen, respectively. The urinary albuminuria was correlated with all investigated urinary markers in univariate analysis. After adjusting for several clinical parameters, urinary KIM-1, NGAL and angiotensinogen were significantly associated with albuminuria.


The results of this study suggest that urinary tubular markers may be independently associated with albuminuria in the early stage of nephropathy in type 2 diabetics (eGFR ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) and may reflect inflammatory processing and the activation of the intrarenal RAS.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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