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Future Microbiol. 2012 Apr;7(4):519-33. doi: 10.2217/fmb.12.18.

Intravital models of infection lay the foundation for tissue microbiology.

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Swedish Medical Nanoscience Center, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.


In complex environments, such as those found in the human host, pathogenic bacteria constantly battle the unfavorable conditions imposed by the host response to their presence. During Escherichia coli-induced pyelonephritis, a cascade of events are shown in an intravital animal model to occur in a timely and sequential manner, representing the dynamic interplay between host and pathogen. Today, intravital techniques allow for observing infection in the living host. At resolutions almost on the single-cell level, improved detection methods offer a movie-like description of infection dynamics. Tissue microbiology involves monitoring host-pathogen interaction within the dynamic microecology of infectious sites in the live host. This new field holds great promise for insightful research into microbial disease intervention strategies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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