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J Prenat Med. 2009 Jan;3(1):1-5.

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.

Author information

1
Department of Gynecology & Obstetrics, Policlinico Tor Vergata Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Hypertension is the most common medical problem encountered during pregnancy, complicating 2-3% of pregnancies. Hypertensive disorders during pregnancy are classified into 4 categories, as recommended by the National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy: 1) chronic hypertension, 2) preeclampsia-eclampsia, 3) preeclampsia superimposed on chronic hypertension, and 4) gestational hypertension (transient hypertension of pregnancy or chronic hypertension identified in the latter half of pregnancy) (1). This terminology is preferred over the older but widely used term pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) because it is more precise.

KEYWORDS:

Gestational hypertension; chronic hypertension; eclampsia; preeclampsia

PMID:
22439030
PMCID:
PMC3279097

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