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Animal. 2012 Apr;6(4):633-40. doi: 10.1017/S1751731111002096.

Comparison of three fluorescent CYP3A substrates in two vertebrate models: pig and Atlantic salmon.

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Department of Food Science, BioCenter, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden. vzlabek@frov.jcu


We investigated in vitro inhibitory effects of ketoconazole (KTZ) on cytochrome P450 activity in microsomes from pigs and Atlantic salmon. The following enzymatic reactions were studied: 7-benzyloxyresorufin and 7-ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylation (BROD and EROD, respectively), 7-benzyloxy-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin O-debenzylation (BFCOD) and 7-benzyloxyquinoline O-debenzylation (BQOD). KTZ was a potent non-competitive inhibitor of BROD and BQOD in the microsomes from pigs, whereas in the microsomes from Atlantic salmon, these reactions were competitively inhibited by KTZ. BFCOD activity was inhibited by KTZ in a non-competitive manner in both species. KTZ non-competitively inhibited EROD in Atlantic salmon, but not in porcine microsomes. The activity of BROD and BQOD was higher in male than that in female pigs, but the activity of BFCOD showed no sex-related differences.

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