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Int J Dermatol. 2012 Apr;51(4):427-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-4632.2011.05171.x.

Characterization of TGM1 c.984+1G>A mutation identified in a homozygous carrier of lamellar ichthyosis.

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Fundación Pública Galega de Medicina Xenómica-SERGAS, Grupo de Medicina Xenómica-USC, CIBERER, IDIS, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.



Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) is a rare, nonsyndromic, heterogeneous disorder of cornification. It is divided into three clinical subtypes: lamellar ichthyosis (LI); congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma; and harlequin ichthyosis. In the majority of patients, LI is caused by transglutaminase-1 (TGase1) deficiency resulting from mutations in both copies of the transglutaminase 1 (TGM1) gene in chromosome 14.


We report a patient with a severe LI phenotype who has a homozygous putative splicing mutation in the TGM1 gene. Our aim is to assess the pathologic effect of the TGM1 c.984+1G>A by splicing assays and bioinformatic tools.


c.984+1G>A mutation created two alternative TGM1 mRNA splice variants that included 30 or 32 nucleotides of the 5' of intron 6. At the protein level, the partial in-frame aberrant transcript retaining 30 bp of intron 6 led to the insertion of 10 amino acids (p.Met329_Val330ins10) at the catalytic core domain of TGM1 protein (codons 247-572), whereas the transcript with the insertion of 32 nucleotides is predicted to encode a truncated protein (p.Val330MetfsX12).


Our splicing assay, together with bioinformatic prediction tools, supports the pathological effect of the recently identified c.984+1G>A mutation in the TGM1 gene and unravels the molecular mechanism by which c.984+1G>A acts.

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