Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ethiop J Health Sci. 2011 Aug;21(Suppl 1):107-15.

Factors Associated with Readiness to VCT Service Utilization among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics in Northwestern Ethiopia: A Health Belief Model Approach.

Author information

  • 1Health Promotion and Disease Prevention officer, Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.



One of the consequences of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in women is the transmission of the virus to their children. Voluntary counseling and testing is an entry point for prevention of mother to child transmission). This study therefore, investigated readiness to Voluntary counseling and testing service utilization and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinics using a health belief model.


Health institution based cross-sectional study supplemented with qualitative method was conducted at Debremarkos town from February 15 to March 25, 2008. A total of 418 Antenatal care clients were interviewed. In addition four focus group discussion and five in-depth interviews were performed.


Out of 418 pregnant women 254(60.8%) had heard of, Voluntary counseling and testing of these 141 (55.5%) were not ready to use. R Voluntary counseling and testing eadiness of women to utilize Voluntary counseling and testing was significantly associated with knowledge on mother to child transmission, gravidity, gestational age, occupation and educational status. Most women 161 (63.4%) had low perceived susceptibility to HIV and 199(78.3%) had high perceived barrier to Voluntary counseling and testing. The qualitative result showed spouse's disapproval, fear of blood drawing and knowing HIV status, stigma and discrimination were mentioned as barriers. Among the HBM constructs, perceived susceptibility, benefit, barrier and self efficacy were important predictors of women's readiness to. Voluntary counseling and testing


This study showed pregnant women's readiness to utilize is l Voluntary counseling and testing ow. It is useful hence, to implement Information Education Communication/Behavioral Change Communication strategies to increase readiness. The use of behavioral model will likely assist the intervention.


Antenatal care; Ethiopia; MTCT; Northwest Ethiopia; VCT

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk