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Annu Rev Chem Biomol Eng. 2011;2:237-57. doi: 10.1146/annurev-chembioeng-061010-114152.

Fundamentals and applications of gas hydrates.

Author information

1
Center for Hydrate Research, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA. ckoh@mines.edu

Abstract

Fundamental understanding of gas hydrate formation and decomposition processes is critical in many energy and environmental areas and has special importance in flow assurance for the oil and gas industry. These areas represent the core of gas hydrate applications, which, albeit widely studied, are still developing as growing fields of research. Discovering the molecular pathways and chemical and physical concepts underlying gas hydrate formation potentially can lead us beyond flowline blockage prevention strategies toward advancing new technological solutions for fuel storage and transportation, safely producing a new energy resource from natural deposits of gas hydrates in oceanic and arctic sediments, and potentially facilitating effective desalination of seawater. The state of the art in gas hydrate research is leading us to new understanding of formation and dissociation phenomena that focuses on measurement and modeling of time-dependent properties of gas hydrates on the basis of their well-established thermodynamic properties.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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