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Am J Blood Res. 2011;1(2):190-204. Epub 2011 Sep 18.

Novel treatment paradigm for elderly patients with multiple myeloma.

Author information

1
Myeloma Unit, Division of Hematology, University of Torino, AOU San Giovanni Battista Torino, Italy.

Abstract

The treatment of multiple myeloma has undergone important changes in the last few years. The use of novel agents, such as the immunomodulatory drugs thalidomide and lenalidomide, and the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib, has increased the treatment options available and significantly improved the outcome of this rare disease. Several trials have shown the advantages linked to the use of novel agents both in young patients, who are considered eligible for transplantation, and elderly patients, who are considered transplant ineligible. In the non-transplant setting, novel agent-containing regimens have replaced the traditional melphalan-prednisone approach. Preliminary data also support the role of consolidation and maintenance therapy to further improve outcomes. An appropriate management of side effects is fundamental for the success of the treatment, and outcome should always be balanced against the toxicity profile associated with the regimen used. This review provides an overview of the latest strategies including novel agents used to treat elderly patients with multiple myeloma.

KEYWORDS:

Multiple myeloma; bortezomib; elderly patients; lenalidomide; new drugs; thalidomide

PMID:
22432080
PMCID:
PMC3301431
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