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J Pediatr Rehabil Med. 2011;4(4):259-68. doi: 10.3233/PRM-2011-0183.

School bus transportation for students seated in wheelchairs.

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Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA.


For children with Individualized Education Plans (IEPs), transportation is considered a related service and a part of their education. This paper presents an overview of the current status of wheelchair transportation for students on school buses within the United States. The review includes the school transportation environment for wheelchair-seated students, applicable regulations and voluntary standards, primary safety issues for wheelchair-seated students, and key stakeholders roles in improving wheelchair transportation safety. Future actions to improve wheelchair transportation safety in school transportation are discussed, including the need to improve data collection, mandate payment for and use of RESNA WC19-compliant wheelchairs, improve training for bus operators and attendants, and require specialty certification for school bus operators who transport wheelchair-seated students.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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