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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 Apr 13;420(3):498-504. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.03.019. Epub 2012 Mar 10.

The effects of designed angiopoietin-1 variant on lipid droplet diameter, vascular endothelial cell density and metabolic parameters in diabetic db/db mice.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome consists of metabolic abnormality with central obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, insulin resistance and hypertension. Adipose tissue has been known as a primary site of insulin resistance and its adipocyte size may be correlated with the degree of insulin resistance. A designed angiopoietin-1, COMP-Angiopoietin-1 (COMP-Ang1), mitigated high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. In this study, we examined effects of COMP-Ang1 on adipocyte droplet size, vascular endothelial cell density in adipose tissue and metabolic parameters in db/db mice by administering COMP-Ang1 or LacZ (as a control) adenovirus. Administration of COMP-Ang1 decreased fat droplet diameter in epididymal and abdominal visceral adipocyte and visceral fat content in db/db mice. The density of vascular endothelial cell in adipose tissue was increased in db/db mice after treatment with COMP-Ang1. Serum resistin and tumor necrosis factor-α level was lower after treatment with COMP-Ang1 in db/db mice. COMP-Ang1 caused a restoration of fasting glycemic control in db/db mice and decreased serum insulin level and insulin resistance measured by HOMA index. These findings indicate that COMP-Ang1 regulates adipocyte fat droplet diameter, vascular endothelial cell density and metabolic parameters in db/db mice.

PMID:
22430141
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.03.019
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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