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Int J Parasitol. 1990 Oct;20(6):725-30.

Antibody-mediated cytotoxic effects in vitro and in vivo of rat cells on infective larvae of Brugia malayi.

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Research Center, Hindustan Ciba-Geigy Ltd, Goregaon East, Bombay, India.


Albino rat macrophages and neutrophils in the presence of immune serum adhered to and promoted killing of Brugia malayi infective larvae in vitro. At a similar cell-target ratio, macrophages were more potent than neutrophils in inducing cytotoxic response to the larvae. Eosinophils were also effective in killing but only at a high cell-target ratio. The activity in the immune serum could be absorbed to and eluted from a Protein A-Sepharose column suggesting involvement of IgG antibody in the reaction. An indirect fluorescent antibody test confirmed the presence of IgG on the surface of larvae incubated in immune serum. Infective larvae were attacked by host cells within micropore chambers 16-24 h after implantation into immunized rats. Further, a strong cytotoxic response to the larvae was seen when they were introduced intraperitoneally into immune rats indicating the role of antibody and cells in vivo. We suggest that antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity may represent an important mechanism of parasite killing in an immune host.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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