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High Alt Med Biol. 2012 Mar;13(1):46-50. doi: 10.1089/ham.2011.1062.

Body composition and somatotype of experienced mountain climbers.

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1
Department of Biology and Evolution, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

Abstract

AIMS:

In order to evaluate body composition and somatotype, 10 Italian experienced mountain climbers were assessed from an anthropometric point of view, before a high altitude ascent. Body mass, height, girths, skinfolds, and bone breadths were gathered and used to calculate body composition and somatotype of each subject.

RESULTS:

Means and standard deviations of the subjects' anthropometric characteristics were calculated. Mesomorphism (5.28±1.10) is the dominant somatotype component in all but one the participants, endomorphism (1.55±0.49) is low, and body fat percentage (11.76%±2.93) is low. Comparisons with athletes involved in other climbing subdisciplines highlight the specificity of elite mountain climbers anthropometry.

CONCLUSIONS:

The elite mountain climbers in our sample were predominantly mesomorphic with somatotype attitudinal mean values lower than reported for male athletes participating in free-climbing, volleyball, gymnastics, and soccer. Anthropometric characteristics may therefore play a role in mountain climbing, even though the trainable components may be more relevant than the nontrainable ones.

PMID:
22429232
DOI:
10.1089/ham.2011.1062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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