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Antivir Ther. 2012;17(4):633-42. doi: 10.3851/IMP2078. Epub 2012 Mar 16.

Rapid decline of viral RNA in chronic hepatitis C patients treated once daily with IDX320: a novel macrocyclic HCV protease inhibitor.

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Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.



The addition of direct-acting antivirals to pegylated interferon-α plus ribavirin for the treatment of chronic HCV infection can result in an increased sustained viral response rate and may permit reduction in treatment duration. IDX320 is a potent non-covalent macrocyclic inhibitor of the HCV NS3/4A protease.


This was a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled single- and multiple-dose study to assess the safety, tolerability, antiviral activity and pharmacokinetics of IDX320 in healthy volunteers (HV) and patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection. HV (n=48) received single or multiple ascending doses of IDX320. Two HCV-infected patients received a single dose of 200 mg IDX320. Dosages for other HCV-infected patients were as follows: placebo, 50, 100, 200 or 400 mg of IDX320 orally once daily for 3 days (n=30) or placebo/200 mg of IDX320 twice-daily for 3 days (n=8).


In total, 48 HV and 40 HCV-infected patients were enrolled and all completed the study. There were no serious adverse events. The majority of adverse events were of mild or moderate intensity. Pharmacokinetics supported a once-daily dosing regimen. A rapid decline in plasma HCV RNA was observed in all patients. In the multiple-dose study, mean HCV RNA reductions were 2.6, 3.1, 3.1, 3.3 and 3.8 log(10) IU/ml after 3 days in the IDX320 50, 100, 200, 400 mg once-daily and 200 mg twice-daily treatment groups, respectively. This compared to a mean HCV RNA reduction of 0.04 log(10) in the placebo group.


Once-daily IDX320 dosing demonstrated potent dose-dependent antiviral activity in treatment-naive HCV genotype-1-infected patients.

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