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J Bioenerg Biomembr. 2012 Apr;44(2):243-52. doi: 10.1007/s10863-012-9426-3. Epub 2012 Mar 18.

Endotoxemia impairs heart mitochondrial function by decreasing electron transfer, ATP synthesis and ATP content without affecting membrane potential.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Free Radical Biology, School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires, Junín 956, C1113AAD, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

Acute endotoxemia (LPS, 10 mg/kg ip, Sprague Dawley rats, 45 days old, 180 g) decreased the O₂ consumption of rat heart (1 mm³ tissue cubes) by 33% (from 4.69 to 3.11 μmol O₂/min. g tissue). Mitochondrial O₂ consumption and complex I activity were also decreased by 27% and 29%, respectively. Impaired respiration was associated to decreased ATP synthesis (from 417 to 168 nmol/min. mg protein) and ATP content (from 5.40 to 4.18 nmol ATP/mg protein), without affecting mitochondrial membrane potential. This scenario is accompanied by an increased production of O₂·⁻ and H₂O₂ due to complex I inhibition. The increased NO production, as shown by 38% increased mtNOS biochemical activity and 31% increased mtNOS functional activity, is expected to fuel an increased ONOO⁻ generation that is considered relevant in terms of the biochemical mechanism. Heart mitochondrial bioenergetic dysfunction with decreased O₂ uptake, ATP production and contents may indicate that preservation of mitochondrial function will prevent heart failure in endotoxemia.

PMID:
22426814
DOI:
10.1007/s10863-012-9426-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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