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Neurosci Lett. 2012 Apr 18;514(2):214-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2012.03.004. Epub 2012 Mar 10.

Allocentrically implied target locations are updated in an eye-centred reference frame.

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Centre for Vision Research, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada.


When reaching to remembered target locations following an intervening eye movement a systematic pattern of error is found indicating eye-centred updating of visuospatial memory. Here we investigated if implicit targets, defined only by allocentric visual cues, are also updated in an eye-centred reference frame as explicit targets are. Participants viewed vertical bars separated by varying distances, and horizontal lines of equivalently varying lengths, implying a "target" location at the midpoint of the stimulus. After determining the implied "target" location from only the allocentric stimuli provided, participants saccaded to an eccentric location, and reached to the remembered "target" location. Irrespective of the type of stimulus reaching errors to these implicit targets are gaze-dependent, and do not differ from those found when reaching to remembered explicit targets. Implicit target locations are coded and updated as a function of relative gaze direction with respect to those implied locations just as explicit targets are, even though no target is specifically represented.

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