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Seizure. 2012 Jun;21(5):334-9. doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2012.02.009. Epub 2012 Mar 15.

Self-efficacy for seizure management and youth depressive symptoms: caregiver and youth perspectives.

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Medical University of South Carolina, College of Nursing, United States.


The aims of this study were to (1) compare caregiver and youth measures of self-efficacy for seizure management (SESM), as well as report of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in youth with epilepsy (YWE) and (2) examine the potential relationship between caregiver SESM and caregiver report of depressive symptoms in YWE. Seventy-seven YWE ages 9-17 completed the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) and the Seizure Self-Efficacy Scale for Children with Epilepsy (SSES-C). Sixty-five caregivers completed the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC-II) and the Epilepsy Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES). Results showed no agreement between youth and caregiver self-efficacy scores. However, there was low to modest agreement in published classifications of depressive symptoms between youth and caregiver ratings of depressive symptoms in youth, with caregivers reporting higher levels of symptoms than the youth reported. Twenty-seven percent of YWE endorsed suicidal ideation. When caregiver report of their own self-efficacy towards their child's seizures and their assessment of their child's depressive symptoms were compared, there was a significant inverse relationship. These findings suggest a multi-informant approach to assessment of depressive symptoms in YWE, the importance of including self-efficacy for seizure management in assessment and treatment of YWE, and provide support for transactional patterns of psychosocial adjustment.

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