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Curr Biol. 2012 Apr 10;22(7):608-14. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.02.014. Epub 2012 Mar 15.

Gamma neurons mediate dopaminergic input during aversive olfactory memory formation in Drosophila.

Author information

1
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA.

Abstract

Mushroom body (MB)-dependent olfactory learning in Drosophila provides a powerful model to investigate memory mechanisms. MBs integrate olfactory conditioned stimulus (CS) inputs with neuromodulatory reinforcement (unconditioned stimuli, US), which for aversive learning is thought to rely on dopaminergic (DA) signaling to DopR, a D1-like dopamine receptor expressed in MBs. A wealth of evidence suggests the conclusion that parallel and independent signaling occurs downstream of DopR within two MB neuron cell types, with each supporting half of memory performance. For instance, expression of the Rutabaga (Rut) adenylyl cyclase in γ neurons is sufficient to restore normal learning to rut mutants, whereas expression of Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) in α/β neurons is sufficient to rescue NF1 mutants. DopR mutations are the only case where memory performance is fully eliminated, consistent with the hypothesis that DopR receives the US inputs for both γ and α/β lobe traces. We demonstrate, however, that DopR expression in γ neurons is sufficient to fully support short- and long-term memory. We argue that DA-mediated CS-US association is formed in γ neurons followed by communication between γ and α/β neurons to drive consolidation.

PMID:
22425153
PMCID:
PMC3326180
DOI:
10.1016/j.cub.2012.02.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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