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J Plant Physiol. 2012 May 15;169(8):775-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2012.01.017. Epub 2012 Mar 15.

Combined elicitation of methyl-jasmonate and red light on stilbene and anthocyanin biosynthesis.

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Department of Experimental Evolutionary Biology, University of Bologna, Via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna, Italy.


Vitis vinifera cell suspensions are a suitable system to study the metabolic regulation of a large range of polyphenols, including flavonoids and stilbenes that play important roles in plant development. Grape cv. Barbera petioles cell cultures were treated with red light and 10 μM methyl-jasmonate (MeJA), alone or in combination, to investigate their influence and/or induction effect on the production of anthocyanins, catechins and free and mono-glucosylated stilbenes. The synthesis of total anthocyanins was slightly decreased by red light alone, while MeJA and MeJA plus red light increased the levels of these metabolites. When compared to the relative controls, the red light treatment decreased the amount of catechins and increased their release in the culture medium, while MeJA alone or in combination with red light increased their production. Red light treatment generally enhanced the amount of free and mono-glucosylated stilbenes during the entire observation period, as well as the percentage of their release in the media. Treatment with MeJA strongly promoted the production of total stilbenes, which was further elicited by the MeJA plus red light treatment. During the combined treatment, the presence of the light stimulus improved the effect of MeJA by anticipating the maximum increase of stilbenes which were also largely released (up to 90%). These results demonstrate that, in grapevine, as in other plant systems, the change of conditions in which the MeJA stimulus is perceived (e.g. going from total white to red light) drastically modifies the plant response to this hormone. The present paper confirms that the jasmonate transduction pathway is integrated into an elaborate signaling network that also comprehends the red light signaling pathway.

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