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Int J STD AIDS. 2012 Feb;23(2):143-4. doi: 10.1258/ijsa.2011.011176.

Brachial plexus neuritis in the context of acute HIV seroconversion illness: a case report.

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Department of Genitourinary Medicine, The Pine Clinic, St Cross Hospital, Rugby, UK.


We report an unusual case of bilateral brachial plexus neuritis occurring during the seroconversion stage of an HIV infection in a 45-year-old man. Brachial plexus neuritis is thought to be an immune mediated inflammatory reaction resulting in acute onset of shoulder pain followed by muscle weakness and wasting. There is often a history of viral illness, diagnosis is clinical, and treatment is supportive. Many sufferers are left with residual defects. Clinicians should consider the possibility of HIV infection when managing a patient with brachial plexus neuritis.

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