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Neurochem Res. 2012 Jul;37(7):1490-8. doi: 10.1007/s11064-012-0740-2. Epub 2012 Mar 16.

Bilateral common carotid artery ligation transiently changes brain lipid metabolism in rats.

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Brain Physiology and Metabolism Section, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, USA.


Brain lipid metabolism was studied in rats following permanent bilateral common carotid artery ligation (BCCL), a model for chronic cerebral hypoperfusion. Unesterified (free) fatty acids (uFA) and acyl-CoA concentrations were measured 6 h, 24 h, and 7 days after BCCL or sham surgery, in high energy-microwaved brain. In BCCL compared to sham rats, cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) immunoreactivity in piriform cortex, and concentrations of total uFA and arachidonoyl-CoA, an intermediate for arachidonic acid reincorporation into phospholipids, were increased only at 6 h. At 24 h, immunoreactivity for secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)), which may regulate blood flow, was increased near cortical and hippocampal blood vessels. BCCL did not affect levels of brain IB(4)+ microglia, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)+ astrocytes, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) immunoreactivity at any time, but increased cPLA(2) immunoreactivity in one region at 6 h. Thus, BCCL affected brain lipid metabolism transiently, likely because of compensatory sPLA(2)-mediated vasodilation, without producing evidence of neuroinflammation.

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