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Reprod Biomed Online. 2012 May;24(5):540-6. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2012.01.023. Epub 2012 Jan 31.

Anti-Müllerian hormone is highly expressed and secreted from cumulus granulosa cells of stimulated preovulatory immature and atretic oocytes.

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1
IVF Unit and Fertility Research Laboratory, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. kedem2001@gmail.com

Abstract

This study investigated anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) expression and secretion from cumulus granulosa cells (GC) and steroidogenesis in follicular fluids (FF) with relation to oocyte maturational stages and fertilization capacity in large preovulatory follicles. This prospective study included 53 ovulatory women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection. FF and cumulus GC from 140 large preovulatory follicles were individually obtained during oocyte retrieval. Main outcome measures were oocyte maturation, fertilization and embryo quality. FF were assayed for AMH, progesterone, 17β-oestradiol and testosterone. Cumulus GC were assayed for AMH mRNA expression. AMH mRNA expression and secretion in cumulus GC in preovulatory follicles containing germinal-vesicle (GV) and metaphase-I (MI) oocytes were significantly higher than follicles containing MII oocytes (P<0.01 and P<0.0001, respectively). In addition, FF AMH concentrations from atretic oocytes were significantly higher than from MII oocytes. No correlation was found between AMH expression and secretion to fertilization or embryo quality. FF of MI and GV oocytes had higher concentrations of testosterone and lower progesterone/oestradiol ratios than MII oocytes, and FF of atretic oocytes contained higher testosterone concentrations than FF of MII oocytes. AMH is highly expressed in and secreted from cumulus GC of preovulatory follicles containing premature and atretic oocytes. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is produced in the female exclusively by granulosa cells. AMH has recently been shown to be one of the most important markers of ovarian reserve and it is highly associated with ovarian follicular development. This study investigates AMH expression and secretion from cumulus granulosa cells (GC) and steroidogenesis in the follicular fluids (FF) with relation to oocyte maturational stages, and fertilization capacity in large preovulatory follicles. We conducted a prospective study with 53 ovulatory women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection. FF and cumulus GC from 140 large preovulatory follicles were individually obtained during oocyte retrieval. The main outcome measures were oocyte maturation, fertilization and embryo quality. FF were assayed for AMH, progesterone, 17β-oestradiol and testosterone. Cumulus GC were assayed for AMH mRNA expression. AMH mRNA expression in cumulus GC and AMH concentrations in FF of preovulatory follicles containing premature oocytes (germinal vesicle (GV) and metaphase I (MI)) were significantly higher than preovulatory follicles containing mature oocytes (MII oocytes). In addition, FF AMH concentrations of atretic oocytes were significantly higher than FF AMH of MII oocytes. No correlation was found between AMH expression and secretion for fertilization or embryo quality. FF of preovulatory MI and GV oocytes had higher levels of testosterone and lower progesterone/oestradiol ratios than MII oocytes, and FF of atretic oocytes contained higher testosterone levels than FF of MII oocytes. This study shows that AMH is highly expressed in and secreted from cumulus GC of preovulatory follicles containing premature and atretic oocytes.

PMID:
22421733
DOI:
10.1016/j.rbmo.2012.01.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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