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Biochem Pharmacol. 1990 Nov 1;40(9):2005-12.

Effect of 3- and 4-thia-substituted fatty acids on glycerolipid metabolism and mitochondrial beta-oxidation in rat liver.

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Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Bergen, Haukeland Sykehus, Norway.


Treatment of normolipidemic rats by alkylthiopropionic acid (CETTD), resulted in a dose- and time-dependent increase in total dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase (DHAPAT) activity, in extent comparable to that of 3-thiadicarboxylic acid (BCMTD) and alkylthioacetic acid (CMTTD). Thus, in CETTD- and CMTTD-treated rats, the specific DHAPAT activity increased in the microsomal, peroxisomal and mitochondrial fractions. In contrast, repeated administration of the peroxisome proliferator, BCMTD, decreased the specific DHAPAT activity both in the peroxisomal fraction and in purified peroxisomes. A three-fold increase in specific activity was, however, revealed in the mitochondrial fraction. Whether the variation of the DHAPAT activity in the mitochondrial and microsomal fractions among the feeding groups can be explained by increased number of enlarged and small peroxisomes sedimenting in the fractions, are to be considered. Subcellular fractionation studies confirmed previous findings that rat liver glycerophosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) was located both in mitochondria and the microsomal fraction. BCMTD was considerably more potent than CMTTD in stimulating the microsomal and mitochondrial GPAT activities. Administration of CETTD marginally affected the isoenzymes of GPAT. Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) activity was increased by 35% in BCMTD and CMTTD treated rats, but by administration of CETTD the enzyme activity was decreased by more than 80%. The acyl-CoA cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) activity was marginally affected in animals treated with BCMTD, CMTTD and CETTD. Thus, the results indicate that the initial steps in the synthesis of triacylglycerols and ether glycerolipids as well as the last step in triacylglycerol synthesis could not be identified as mediating the fat accumulation or the lowering of triacylglycerol content in liver of CETTD, or BCMTD and CMTTD treated rats. On the other hand, CMTTD increased the palmitoyl-CoA oxidation in mitochondria, and CETTD considerably inhibited the activity. Therefore, it is conceivable that the development of fatty liver with CETTD is mostly due to inhibition of mitochondrial beta-oxidation.

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