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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1990 Oct 30;172(2):728-36.

Recruitment of GLUT-4 glucose transporters by insulin in diabetic rat skeletal muscle.

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1
Division of Cell Biology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ont., Canada.

Abstract

The cause of reduced insulin-stimulated glucose transport in skeletal muscle of diabetic rats was investigated. Basal and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake into hindquarter muscles of 7-day diabetic rats were 70% and 50% lower, respectively, than in nondiabetic controls. Subcellular fractionation of hindquarter muscles yielded total crude membranes, plasma membranes and intracellular membranes. The number of GLUT-4 glucose transporters was lower in crude membranes, plasma membranes and intracellular membranes, relative to non-diabetic rat muscles. These results were paralleled by reductions in D-glucose-protectable binding of cytochalasin B. Insulin caused a redistribution of GLUT-4 transporters from intracellular membranes to plasma membranes, in both control and diabetic rat muscles. This redistribution was also recorded using binding of cytochalasin B. The insulin-dependent decrement in glucose transporters in intracellular membranes was similar for both animal groups, but the gain and final amount of transporters in the plasma membrane were 50% lower in the diabetic group. The results suggest that insulin signalling and recruitment of GLUT-4 glucose transporters occur in diabetic rat muscle, and that the diminished insulin response may be due to fewer glucose transporters operating in the muscle plasma membrane.

PMID:
2241964
DOI:
10.1016/0006-291x(90)90735-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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