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Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2012 Aug;21(8):818-27. doi: 10.1002/pds.3239. Epub 2012 Mar 15.

Cardiovascular outcomes in women with advanced breast cancer exposed to chemotherapy.

Author information

1
EpiSource, Newton, MA, USA. muyood@muyood.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To quantify incidence of cardiovascular outcomes in patients with advanced breast cancer receiving cardiotoxic and non-cardiotoxic chemotherapy.

METHODS:

This study identified all women at a Midwestern health system with initial diagnosis of American Joint Commission on Cancer Stage III/IV breast cancer (1995-2003) and random sample of 50 women initially diagnosed with Stage I/II who progressed to Stage III/IV. The rate of new cardiovascular outcomes (heart failure, dysrhythmia, and ischemia events) for cardiotoxic (anthracycline or trastuzumab) and non-cardiotoxic agents was calculated.

RESULTS:

Of 315 patients, 90.5% (n = 285) received systemic cancer therapy; 67.7% (n = 193) received cardiotoxic drugs. Older patients were less likely to receive cardiotoxic agents (86.4%, ≤59 years vs. 31.9%, 70+ years). Adjusting for age, race, stage, surgery/radiation, estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor status, and diagnosis year, rate of new cardiac events was higher in patients exposed to cardiotoxic drugs compared with those exposed to non-cardiotoxic drugs (adjusted hazard ratio = 2.5, 95%CI = 0.9-7.2). Patients with cardiac event history (relative risk = 3.2, 95%CI = 2.0-5.1) and those with heart failure history (relative risk = 5.9, 95%CI = 2.4-14.6) were more likely to receive non-cardiotoxic treatment. Heart failure events occurred steadily over time; after 3 years of follow-up, 16% exposed to cardiotoxic drugs experienced an event, and 8% of those exposed to non-cardiotoxic drugs experienced an event.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with cardiac comorbidity are less likely to receive cardiotoxic agents. Use of cardiotoxic agents is common; treatment is related to patient and tumor characteristics and is associated with substantial risk of cardiotoxicity that persists during patients' remaining lifespan.

PMID:
22419528
PMCID:
PMC3785307
DOI:
10.1002/pds.3239
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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