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J Pediatr. 1979 Sep;95(3):348-55.

Extrapulmonary manifestations of adenovirus type 7 pneumonia simulating Reye syndrome and the possible role of an adenovirus toxin.


Three children developed extensive extrapulmonary disease in the course of fatal adenovirus type 7 pneumonia. Several clinical features, including the unexpected onset of coma, suggested the development of Reye syndrome, but biochemical and histopathologic findings were inconsistent with this diagnosis. Virologic and pathologic studies did not reveal evidence of extrapulmonary adenovirus infection, despite clinical involvement of the liver, skeletal muscle, and central nervous system. The detection in premortem sera from all three patients of adenovirus penton antigen, known to be cytotoxic in vitro, suggests a possible mechanism for the production of extrapulmonary pathology in the absence of extrapulmonary virus infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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