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Curr Cardiol Rep. 2012 Jun;14(3):334-41. doi: 10.1007/s11886-012-0256-z.

Early detection of chemotherapy-related left ventricular dysfunction.

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1
Section of Cardiology, University of Chicago Medical Center, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. jdecara@medicine.bsd.uchicago.edu

Abstract

Modern advances in cancer treatment have resulted in improved survival. As a result, effects of cancer therapy on other organ systems such as the heart are more likely to become clinically relevant. One such possibility is chemotherapy-related left ventricular dysfunction. Although in clinical practice cardiotoxicity is evaluated by symptoms and left ventricular ejection fraction, these occur relatively late in the disease process after the heart's compensatory mechanisms have been expended. Ideally, left ventricular dysfunction would be identified early so that cancer patients and their physicians can make informed decisions about their therapeutic options and institute careful surveillance and early initiation of cardioprotective medication where appropriate. This review discusses the role of echocardiography to detect subclinical left ventricular dysfunction in cancer patients exposed to chemotherapy with potential cardiotoxicity, particularly anthracyclines and trastuzumab.

PMID:
22415395
DOI:
10.1007/s11886-012-0256-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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