Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Sensors (Basel). 2009;9(5):3942-57. doi: 10.3390/s90503942. Epub 2009 May 25.

A heterogeneous wireless identification network for the localization of animals based on stochastic movements.

Author information

1
ETSI Telecomunicación, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Avd. Complutense 30, 28040 Madrid, Spain; E-mails: cgonzale@etsit.upm.es (C.G.); jleube@etsit.upm.es (J.J.L.); santiago@gaps.ssr.upm.es (S.Z.); nelson@gaps.ssr.upm.es (N.D.); ivana@gaps.ssr.upm.es (I.R.).

Abstract

The improvement in the transmission range in wireless applications without the use of batteries remains a significant challenge in identification applications. In this paper, we describe a heterogeneous wireless identification network mostly powered by kinetic energy, which allows the localization of animals in open environments. The system relies on radio communications and a global positioning system. It is made up of primary and secondary nodes. Secondary nodes are kinetic-powered and take advantage of animal movements to activate the node and transmit a specific identifier, reducing the number of batteries of the system. Primary nodes are battery-powered and gather secondary-node transmitted information to provide it, along with position and time data, to a final base station in charge of the animal monitoring. The system allows tracking based on contextual information obtained from statistical data.

KEYWORDS:

energy harvesting; energy-aware network; heterogeneous network; stochastic transmission

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center