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Atherosclerosis. 2012 May;222(1):191-5. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2012.02.021. Epub 2012 Feb 23.

Coronary plaque rupture in patients with myocardial infarction after noncardiac surgery: frequent and dangerous.

Author information

1
Heart Institute (InCor), University of São Paulo Medical School, Interdisciplinary Medicine in Cardiology Unit, Brazil. danielle.gualandro@incor.usp.br

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) after noncardiac surgery is not established yet. Thrombosis over a vulnerable plaque or decreased oxygen supply secondary to anemia or hypotension may be involved. The purpose of this study was to investigate the pathophysiology of ACS complicating noncardiac surgery.

METHODS:

Clinical and angiographic data were prospectively recorded into a database for 120 consecutive patients that had an ACS after noncardiac surgery (PACS), for 120 patients with spontaneous ACS (SACS), and 240 patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary lesions with obstructions greater than 50% were classified based on two criteria: Ambrose's classification and complex morphology. The presence of Ambrose's type II or complex lesions were compared between the three groups.

RESULTS:

We analyzed 1470 lesions in 480 patients. In PACS group, 45% of patients had Ambrose's type II lesions vs. 56.7% in SACS group and 16.4% in stable CAD group (P<0.001). Both PACS and SACS patients had more complex lesions than patients in stable CAD group (56.7% vs. 79.2% vs. 31.8%, respectively; P<0.001). Overall, the independent predictors of plaque rupture were being in the group PACS (P<0.001, OR 2.86; CI, 1.82-4.52 for complex lesions and P<0.001, OR 3.43; CI, 2.1-5.6 for Ambrose's type II lesions) or SACS (P<0.001, OR 8.71; CI, 5.15-14.73 for complex lesions and P<0.001, OR 5.99; CI, 3.66-9.81 for Ambrose's type II lesions).

CONCLUSIONS:

Nearly 50% of patients with perioperative ACS have evidence of coronary plaque rupture, characterizing a type 1 myocardial infarction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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