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N Am J Med Sci. 2012 Feb;4(2):67-71. doi: 10.4103/1947-2714.93376.

Medication adherence and its determinants among patients on concomitant tuberculosis and antiretroviral therapy in South west ethiopia.

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1
Department of Pharmacy, College of Public Health and Medical Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To benefit from therapy and to avoid contracting treatment resistant strains, the individuals must adhere to medications.

AIM:

The study was designed to assess the degree of drug adherence and its determinants in patients living with HIV/AIDS and TB comorbidity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the degree of drug adherence and its determinants with the help of self-administered questionnaires in Tercha District Hospital in South Ethiopia.

RESULT:

A total of 24 patients were included in the study. The majority were females (54.2%) and the mean age was 32.4 (SDĀ±9.6) years. Adherence level was 95.8% for Antiretroviral (ARV) medications and 79.2% for anti TB medications. Educational status was associated with anti TB (P=0.021) medication adherence. The reason for the missed doses were mostly lack of money for transport (23.7% for antiretroviral therapy (ART), 26.0% for TB treatment) and forgetting to take medications (18.4% for ART, 17.4% for TB treatment.

CONCLUSION:

The adherence level obtained for both ARV and anti-TB where high. Transportation costs for patients could be reduced by bringing the services close to where they live.

KEYWORDS:

Comorbidity; Ethiopia; Health literacy; Medications adherence

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