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Pest Manag Sci. 2012 Jul;68(7):1083-91. doi: 10.1002/ps.3271. Epub 2012 Mar 7.

Assessment of the high-dose concept and level of control provided by MON 87701 × MON 89788 soybean against Anticarsia gemmatalis and Pseudoplusia includens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Brazil.

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1
Department of Entomology and Acarology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. oderleibernardi@yahoo.com.br

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Genetically modified MON 87701 × MON 89788 soybean (Glycine max), which expresses the Cry1Ac and EPSP-synthase proteins, has been registered for commercial use in Brazil. To develop an Insect Resistance Management (IRM) program for this event, laboratory and field studies were conducted to assess the high-dose concept and level of control it provides against Anticarsia gemmatalis and Pseudoplusia includens.

RESULTS:

The purified Cry1Ac protein was more active against A. gemmatalis [LC(50) (FL 95%) = 0.23 (0.15-0.34) µg Cry1Ac mL(-1) diet] than P. includens [LC(50) (FL 95%) = 3.72 (2.65-4.86) µg Cry1Ac mL(-1) diet]. In bioassays with freeze-dried MON 87701 × MON 89788 soybean tissue diluted 25 times in an artificial diet, there was 100% mortality of A. gemmatalis and up to 95.79% mortality for P. includens. In leaf-disc bioassays and under conditions of high artificial infestation in the greenhouse and natural infestation in the field, MON 87701 × MON 89788 soybean showed a high level of efficacy against both target pests.

CONCLUSIONS:

The MON 87701 × MON 89788 soybean provides a high level of control against A. gemmatalis and P. includes, but a high-dose event only to A. gemmatalis.

PMID:
22407725
DOI:
10.1002/ps.3271
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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