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Cancer Lett. 2012 Sep 28;322(2):177-84. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2012.03.001. Epub 2012 Mar 7.

Regulation of thrombomodulin expression in prostate cancer cells.

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Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Technical University of Dresden, Medical Faculty "Carl Gustav Carus", Germany.


In carcinomas the expression of thrombomodulin (TM) is inversely correlated with tumour progression and metastasis. In the present study a decreased TM expression in human prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP, DU-145, and PC-3, in relation to normal prostate epithelial cells (PrEC) is shown. Sequencing and methylation-specific high resolution melting (MS-HRM) analyses of bisulphite-modified genomic DNA indicates a high degree of methylation in DU-145 cells and lesser degrees in PC-3 and LNCaP cells, whereas in PrEC the TM promoter is unmethylated. The expression of TM is negatively regulated by NF-κB- and GSK3-β-dependent signalling pathways and positively regulated by retinoic acid and transcription factor Sp1 in PrEC, LNCaP and PC-3 cells, but not in DU-145 cells. However, exposure of DU-145 cells to the demethylating agent, 5-aza-2'deoxycytidine, restores the TM expression and its control by retinoic acid, NF-κB- and GSK3-β-dependent signalling. In conclusion, the study establishes that in prostate cancer cell lines relative to PrEC the TM is down-regulated and that the TM promoter is hypermethylated, which seems to be responsible for the down-regulation and failed regulation of TM expression in DU-145 cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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