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Cancer Res. 2012 May 1;72(9):2339-49. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-11-4149. Epub 2012 Mar 9.

Novel MT1-MMP small-molecule inhibitors based on insights into hemopexin domain function in tumor growth.

Author information

1
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.

Abstract

Membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a promising drug target in malignancy. The structure of MT1-MMP includes the hemopexin domain (PEX) that is distinct from and additional to the catalytic domain. Current MMP inhibitors target the conserved active site in the catalytic domain and, as a result, repress the proteolytic activity of multiple MMPs instead of MT1-MMP alone. In our search for noncatalytic inhibitors of MT1-MMP, we compared the protumorigenic activity of wild-type MT1-MMP with an MT1-MMP mutant lacking PEX (ΔPEX). In contrast to MT1-MMP, ΔPEX did not support tumor growth in vivo, and its expression resulted in small fibrotic tumors that contained increased levels of collagen. Because these findings suggested an important role for PEX in tumor growth, we carried out an inhibitor screen to identify small molecules targeting the PEX domain of MT1-MMP. Using the Developmental Therapeutics Program (National Cancer Institute/NIH), virtual ligand screening compound library as a source and the X-ray crystal structure of PEX as a target, we identified and validated a novel PEX inhibitor. Low dosage, intratumoral injections of PEX inhibitor repressed tumor growth and caused a fibrotic, ΔPEX-like tumor phenotype in vivo. Together, our findings provide a preclinical proof of principle rationale for the development of novel and selective MT1-MMP inhibitors that specifically target the PEX domain.

PMID:
22406620
PMCID:
PMC3342448
DOI:
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-11-4149
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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