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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 Mar 30;420(1):141-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.02.131. Epub 2012 Mar 3.

Suppression of Arabidopsis RING-DUF1117 E3 ubiquitin ligases, AtRDUF1 and AtRDUF2, reduces tolerance to ABA-mediated drought stress.

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Department of Systems Biology, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Republic of Korea.


Among approximately 480 RING domain-containing E3 Ub ligases in Arabidopsis, three, At3g46620, At5g59550, and At2g39720, have a domain-of-unknown-function (DUF) 1117 motif in their C-terminal regions. At3g46620 and At5g59550 were identified as homologous ABA- and drought-induced RING-DUF1117 genes and were designated AtRDUF1 and AtRDUF2, respectively. Single and double knock-out mutations of AtRDUFs resulted in hyposensitive phenotypes toward ABA in terms of germination rate and stomatal closure and markedly reduced tolerance to drought stress relative to wild-type plants. These results are discussed in the context that AtRDUF1 and AtRDUF2 play combinatorial, but still distinguishable, roles in ABA-mediated dehydration stress responses.

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