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Anal Chim Acta. 2012 Apr 6;721:85-91. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2012.01.056. Epub 2012 Feb 7.

Highly sensitive polymerase chain reaction-free quantum dot-based quantification of forensic genomic DNA.

Author information

1
College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, South Korea.

Abstract

Forensic DNA samples can degrade easily due to exposure to light and moisture at the crime scene. In addition, the amount of DNA acquired at a criminal site is inherently limited. This limited amount of human DNA has to be quantified accurately after the process of DNA extraction. The accurately quantified extracted genomic DNA is then used as a DNA template in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification for short tandem repeat (STR) human identification. Accordingly, highly sensitive and human-specific quantification of forensic DNA samples is an essential issue in forensic study. In this work, a quantum dot (Qdot)-labeled Alu sequence was developed as a probe to simultaneously satisfy both the high sensitivity and human genome selectivity for quantification of forensic DNA samples. This probe provided PCR-free determination of human genomic DNA and had a 2.5-femtogram detection limit due to the strong emission and photostability of the Qdot. The Qdot-labeled Alu sequence has been used successfully to assess 18 different forensic DNA samples for STR human identification.

PMID:
22405304
DOI:
10.1016/j.aca.2012.01.056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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