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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2012 May;18(5):E128-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2012.03761.x. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Nosocomial transmission of NDM-1-producing Escherichia coli within a non-endemic area in France.

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Groupe Immunité des Muqueuses et Agents Pathogènes (GIMAP), EA 3064 Université de Lyon, Université Jean Monnet et CHU de Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne Cedex 02, France.


Two patients with no travel history and sharing the same room were colonized by the same strain of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1)-producing Escherichia coli within a geographical area not endemic for this highly multidrug-resistant bacterium. It was documented an absence of an epidemiological and bacteriological link with a third patient returning from India after surgery and found to be infected by an NDM-1-producing Citrobacter strain during the same period. Despite extensive investigation, the source of contamination of the two former patients was not elucidated. This case report illustrates the need of investigating rapidly the emergence of highly multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, to stop their dissemination in a nosocomial setting.

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